Don Juan de Bergerac (Spanish Edition)
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After the victory, the French Army besieged Tortosa , but was forced to withdraw. The French malcontents and the Habsburg forces dealt a serious defeat to the French Royal Army , for a moment, Cardinal Richelieu feared that the rebels, supported by the Spanish forces, would advance on Paris. Shortly after, Soissons fell dead, either murdered by an assassin or killed by himself accidentally, the rebellion vanished.
Since prominent members of the French nobility had been plotting against Richelieu. He took part in the "Princes de la paix" conspiracy with the comte de Soissons and Henri II de Guise, aiming to re-establish the privileges of the great feudal lords. Since Spain was struck by internal rebellions in Catalonia and Portugal , the Count-Duke of Olivares , valido of Philip IV of Spain , looked at the French malcontents as "the sole means of salvation from the shipwreck".
Therefore, the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand, brother to the King and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands , agreed with Soissons and Bouillon to provide them with funds to pay their army and to send troops in support; the agreement was settled in early June, soon the malcontents were joined by 7, Imperial and Spanish soldiers led by Guillaume de Lamboy, regarded as incompetent —but not less than Coligny, the commander of the French Royal Army.
Lamboy was placed in charge of the infantry, Bouillon took the command of the cavalry, Soissons of the reserve. An hour the French soldiers reached the battlefield wet and exhausted; the battle started at 11 pm with a brief artillery exchange. Coligny took the initiative and ordered a cavalry charge against the malcontent's right, which held its ground.
However, Lamboy repelled the charge.
While Coligny was engaging the enemy infantry, who kept his cavalry hidden behind the heights, was awaiting for a signal from his squire Domerville, whom he had left in a hill nearby, to the right moment to charge against the French Royal forces. Half an hour from the beginning of the battle, Domerville made the signal, Bouillon charged upon Coligny's right flank. The French cavalry was thrown in disarray over the French infantry, broken and driven from the field in disorder; the malcontents and the Habsburg forces took 4, prisoners, including officers, all the artillery and the baggage of Coligny's Royal army, many flags and a cash of , livres.
The Count of Soissons died at the end of the action in strange circumstances, he was either murdered by an assassin hired by Richelieu or killed himself accidentally when he raised the visor of his helmet with the barrel of his pistol. In June the revolt had been crushed. Bouillon only saved his life by converting from Calvinism to Catholicism and surrendering his duchy to France.
La Meilleraye had seized the town of Aire-sur-la-Lys on 27 July, but in the following manoeuvres the Spanish army was able to retake Lillers and drove the French troops away from Aire and laid siege to the town.
Battle of Arras (1654)
London : Tinsley Brothers , Hondarribia: El Sitio de Official Website Information available in Spanish and English. Despite the fierce resistance of the French army led by Louis de Bourbon, Count of Soissons , the allied troops crossed the river and drove off the French troops along the Oise river , proceeding over the following weeks to invest the important fortress of Corbie , located two leagues upriver of Amiens , which caused a spread of panic among the population of Paris.
The siege ended in a costly failure because of bad logistics and organization, as the French army was decimated by the plague. The Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand, governor of the Spanish Netherlands and expelled the invaders, concentrating his resources against the Dutch over the following months; the recapture by the statholder Frederick Henry of Orange of the key fortress of Schenkenschans did not discouraged the Spanish, the Count-Duke of Olivares continued determined to concentrate the war effort against the Dutch.
The Holy Roman Emperor , Ferdinand II , whose position in Germany had strengthened since the Peace of Prague , projected an invasion of the eastern France under Matthias Gallas, but as logistical and financial problems diminished his force, he proposed a joint invasion to the Cardinal-Infante.
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Philip IV of Spain and Olivares agreed. A equipped army ranging from 10,—12, infantry and 13, cavalry soldiers to 18, soldiers of both types, including an imperialist contingent under Ottavio Piccolomini was gathered at Mons during June. Though having large garrisons, La Capelle surrendered after only four days of siege and Le Catelet, one of the strongest fortresses of France, after three days thanks to the exploding shells used by the Spanish army, a recent innovation yet unfamiliar to the French; the alarming advance of the Cardinal-Infante forced Louis XIII to return to Paris from Fontainebleau.
By Ferdinand was in Cambrai and had left the command of his army to the Prince Thomas Francis of Carignano , the commander of the Army of Flanders; the Prince of Carignano took over the army and headed to Saint Quentin with the aim of continue the invasion and attract Louis de Bourbon, Count of Soissons, in Picardy in command of a force of 14, soldiers, his army to the town.
Having arrived at the fields in front of Saint Quentin, the Prince changed the route of the army and advanced towards the Somme river. The Cardinal Infante sent to him don Esteban de Gamarra, a gentleman in his confidence, to transmit the order to cross the Somme at the village Bray-sur-Somme or at an easier place if the French armies were guarding the riverside. Pontoons and boats were dispatched from Cambrai for this purpose; the Prince set route to Bray. On 4 August his troops occupied a small island in middle of the river and soon a skirmish began with the French troops on the other riverside; the Count of Soissons , who were stationed with his troops on a nearby hill, believed that the Spanish were attempting to cross the river in that place and detached its battalions and squadrons near the riverside to reject every attempt.
The Marquis of Fontenay, who led these troops, set fire to the village and entrenched his soldiers in a series of forts built in the riverside; the skirmish continued a long time with musketry fire. The Prince ordered his Tercios of Spaniards march to the village of Cerisy , located a league south of Bray, cross there the river.
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A pontoon bridge was promptly tended from one bank to the opposite, large amounts of faggots prepared were spread on the marshy land to facilitate the crossing of the soldiers. The Prince lost that d. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Arras present-day France. Franco-Spanish War — Weygand gives 4, Spanish casualties. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references Coordinates on Wikidata All stub articles. Revision History. Battle of Bordeaux Related Images. YouTube Videos. Arras: tapestry representing God's conversation with Noah.
Arras-born lawyer and politician Maximilien de Robespierre. France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. One of the Lascaux paintings: a horse — approximately 18, BC. Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar during the Battle of Alesia. The Gallic defeat in the Gallic Wars secured the Roman conquest of the country.
With Clovis 's conversion to Catholicism in , the Frankish monarchy , elective and secular until then, became hereditary and of divine right. The Kingdom of France was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. Henry IV , by Frans Pourbus the younger , Fourel, who oversaw everything. He was in charge of colour, which included the women and the other managers. Q: How many workers were there in his employ?
A: We were rather numerous — colourists and cutting machine operators, which are two distinct types of work. There were also the technicians who applied ink. Q: Were you adept at both? A: No, it was necessary to be technically trained. I personally did cutting because I had excellent eyesight and eyeglasses were not permissible.
When we arrived at the studio, we were promoted quicker than the average employee because of our drawing knowledge. Had we not been skilled draughtswomen, and had we not been skilled at colour application, we would have lagged behind in our career — applying ink only. Q: How were you trained and instructed at work?
A: They never officially trained us — they never taught us anything, really, ever…except for the strict technique taught us by experienced workers. When they would see that we finally got the feel for a colour, they let us work solely on that colour for a long time. Q: One solitary colour? A: Yes, only one colour. So, we had to stencil around trees in order to discern whether a part of the tree was incorporated into the sky or remained green.
Thus, the longer they left us with a solitary colour, the more expert we would become.
I learned how to apply colour via a hand technique. However, I did work on a few machines which produced colour, but they were scarce. Q: What were the working conditions? A: They were strict with us and did not encourage chattering and socializing. We had all we needed in that room. For lunch, one could either eat outside or in the workshop.
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It was all very supervised. Photographs of the workshop were prohibited. Q: Why were there only women? A: It was too finely detailed a job for men, something I understood only as I grew older.
Today, it makes me chuckle when I see men actually doing film editing. A: Yes, the one at the factory, not at the colour workshop. The siren is still there but no longer in use.pierreducalvet.ca/180957.php
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It sounded at a. Q: When you stopped working in , feature-length movies were already in vogue. Do you have any particular reminiscences of feature-length films that you personally had a hand in tinting? A: Yes, I had hand coloured many films by then. Moreover, they needed to be re-coloured on an annual basis. Every year, for example, The Life of Christ, which was very popular, had to be retinted.